measels in your toddler
What are the measles?
Measels in your toddler: Measles, or rubeola, is a viral infection of the respiratory system. Measles disease is highly contagious. This disease can spread through contact with infected saliva and mucus. Measles can be spread through air by sneezing and cough.
The virus of measles can survive on surfaces for many hours. Most of the times the infected particles of Measles enter the air and settle on different surfaces, anyone within close proximity can become infected. If an infected person has sneezed in a public place, the virus will settle in surrounding areas which can affect many people around.
If you drink or eat from an infected person’s glass, or share eating utensils, you are vulnerable to the risk of infection.
Measles is said to be the leading cause of death in children. Out of the 114,900 global deaths related to measles in 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that majority of the victims were under the age of 5.
If your toddler is not vaccinated he has a high risk of becoming infected with measles virus. if your baby has rashes and bumps on his skin immediately visit your doctor to get it diagnosed.
Immediately contact your doctor if you suspect you have measles. If you have not taken measles vaccination and you have come into contact with an infected person, visit your doctor to receive a measles vaccine within 72 hours of contact to prevent infection. Another preventive action to measles infection is taking a dose of immunoglobulin taken within six days of contact with an infected person.
measels in your toddler, Pictures of measles: What are the symptoms of measles?
Symptoms of measles usually appear within 14 days of coming in contact with the virus. Symptoms include:
- Redness in eyes
- Mild to high fever
- Sensitivity to light
- muscle aches and joint pains
- running nose
- sore throat
- white spots inside the mouth specially on tongue
A widespread rash on skin is a classic sign of measles. The rash can last up to seven days and usually appears within the five days of exposure to the virus.
A measles rash appears as red, and an itchy bump commonly develops on the head and slowly spreads to other parts of the body.
Who is at risk for measles?
The cases of Measles in the United States have dropped in recent decades due to immunizations. However, the measles has not been completely eliminated. In fact, there were 189 cases of measles in 2015, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Measles mainly occurs in unvaccinated children. Many parents choose not to vaccinate their children for fear that vaccines will have adverse effects on their children. Most of the children and adults who receive a measles vaccine do not experience side effects. But in some cases, the vaccine has been linked to seizures, brain damage, deafness and coma. It is important to note that these serious side effects from the measles vaccine just occur in less than 1 out of every million doses of the vaccine given.
Some uneducated parents believe that the measles vaccine can cause autism in children. However, a number of studies have proven that there is no link between autism and immunizations.
If you have deficiency of Vitamin A, it is also a risk factor for measles. Children with vitamin A deficiency in their diets have a much higher risk of catching the measles virus.
Your doctor can confirm measles virus infection by examining your skin rash and checking for the symptoms that are characteristic of this disease, such as white spots in the mouth, fever, cough, and sore throat.
If your doctor unable to confirm a diagnosis based on observation, your doctor may ask for a blood test to confirm the infection of measles virus.
How to treat measles
As certain there is no such prescription medication to treat measles. The virus and symptoms normally disappear within two to three weeks. However, your doctor may recommend:
- acetaminophen to relieve fever and muscle aches
- bed rest to help boost your immune system
- plenty of fluids (six to eight glasses of water a day)For children WHO ORS is highly recommended
- steamer to ease a cough and sore throat
- Supplements of Vitamin A
Complications associated with measles
It is highly important to get measles vaccination because measles can lead to life-threatening complications, such as viral pneumonia and inflammation of the brain (encephalitis).
Some other complications that are associated with measles may include:
- ear infection
- miscarriage or preterm labor
- decrease in blood platelets
- temporary to permanent blindness
- severe diarrhea
Measles has a low death rate among healthy children and adults, and most people who contract the measles virus recover fully. The risk of complications is higher in kids and adults who have a weak immune system. You cannot get measles more than once. After you’ve had the virus, you are immune for life.
measels in your toddler
How to prevent measles
Immunizations and Vaccinations can help you and your child to prevent a measles outbreak. The MMR vaccine is a three-in-one vaccination that can protect you and your children from all three types- measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles). Toddlers can receive their first MMR vaccination at 12 months, or sooner if traveling cross borders and their second dose between the ages of 4 and 6. Adults who have never received an immunization can request the vaccine from their doctor. If you or your family member is diagnosed with the measles virus, limit interaction with others. This includes staying home from school or work and avoiding social activities. Just try to close yourself away from all your friends for their safety.
How many people have died from the measles?
Out of the 114,900 global deaths related to measles in 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that majority of the victims were under the age of 5.
Can you get the measles more than once?
NO, you can have measles only once in lifetime.